Bunions or Hallux Valgus
A bunion is an unsightly bump of bone on the side of the big toe joint.
Cause: Hereditary (familial), congenital (from birth), and acquired (from injury or repeated trauma). It may be associated with arthritis, pronation, and other biomechanical abnormalities. Friction and pressure from shoes is often responsible for the severe symptoms.
Symptoms: Hallux Valgus may be asymptomatic (no symptoms) or very painful. The big toe may be rotated on its long axis and the bunion may be inflamed and very painful. Callus, bursitis, arthritis, and infection may also be present. Treatment: Wearing wide shoes and protective pads can ease the pressure, but surgery is often required to correct the bunion formation. The procedure used varies with your age, as well as, the amount and type of deformity.