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Bunions


Bunions

A bunion (medically known as hallux abducto valgus) is a foot deformity that is usually found in the big toe. However, they can also develop on the joint of the little toe. This condition is usually more common in adults and can be a source of discomfort/pain.

Table of Contents

Common Bunions

Causes

photograph of bare feet near shoes

Bunions can be hereditary (familial), congenital (from birth), or acquired (from injury or repeated trauma).

It may be associated with arthritis, pronation, and other biomechanical abnormalities. Friction and pressure from shoes is often responsible for the severe symptoms.

Symptoms

Hallux Valgus may be asymptomatic (no symptoms) or very painful. The big toe may be rotated on its long axis and the bunion may be inflamed and very painful. Callus, bursitis, arthritis, and infection may also be present.

Treatment

Unfortunately, bunions do not disappear on their own.

There are various ways to manage a bunion:

  • Wearing wide shoes and protective pads can ease the pressure,
  • Bunion pads (often sold over-the-counter) can cushion the area and minimize pain
  • Custom orthothics

Surgery is often required to correct the bunion formation. The procedure will vary with your age, as well as the amount and type of deformity.

Prevention

Making sure you wear proper-fitting shoes is crucial in preventing bunions or existing ones from getting worse. What the “appropriate” shoe looks like depends on the individual. But please feel free to ask us and we’ll be more than happy to offer suggestions.

Generally:

  • soft soles
  • wide toe box
  • avoid heels/narrow footwear

Bunionette (Tailor’s Bunion)

About Common Bunionette or Tailor’s Bunion Conditions and Injuries

A Tailor’s Bunion is just like a bunion, but on the outside of the foot just behind the 5th toe. xray of before and after bunionette

Cause

May be inherited or due to increased weight or activity, low arches

Symptoms

Pain and swelling of the 5th (outside) metatarsophalangeal joint. Drifting of the pinky toe towards the other toes.

Treatment

Similarly to regular bunions, these types of bunions do not go away on their own.

However, wearing wide shoes and protective pads (orthotics) can ease the pressure, but surgery is often required to correct the bunionette formation. The procedure used varies with your age, as well as, the amount and type of deformity.

Make an appointment for more information or to see what type of treatment we can provide for you.